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正在写英语作文,突然忘词了,怎么办?

来源:网络 2018-05-16 23:58:11

正在写英语作文,突然忘词了,怎么办?

2018-05-15 14:03 来源:新世纪教育培训学校 英语

原标题:正在写英语作文,突然忘词了,怎么办?

正在写英语作文,突然忘词了,怎么办?

忘词,是我们都经历过的事件,越是想要表达它的时候,就越是找不到合适词。也许你想说的就在嘴边,但就是忘了怎么拼写了。

如何应付这种情况使作文顺利进行下去?

一.试用笼统词

英语语言中笼统词有have、take 等,笼统词的重要特点在于意义广泛,搭配性强,构成词组后可以替代众多具体动词。虽然不能精确表达一个动作,却能大致表达意思。在一些具体动词写不出来的时候,用这些笼统词取代,也能收到异曲同工的效果。

例如:我经历了一个极其艰苦的时代。

I experienced a terrible hard time.

这一句中,experience被遗忘时,用have代替,成为:I had a terrible hard time. 其效果及表达的意义决不亚于第一句。这样的例子还很多。如:

Do you understandmy meaning, sir? = Do you take my meaning, sir?

I will presideover the meeting. = I will takethe meeting.

I will subscribeto the local newspaper. = I will take the local newspaper.

They occupiedthe city. = Theytookthe city.

The boy resembleshis father. = The boy takesafter his father.

从以上的例句不难看出,具体词音节较多,使用频率不高,容易遗忘,而笼统词则不然。因此,在作文应试中,笼统词取代具体词,不失为一种应急良策。

二.联想有关词汇

当遗忘产生时,或遇到未曾学过的词时,应采取放射性思维,发挥想象力,想出一切与之有关的单词,利用语言的内在联系,多层次,多角度地运用语言。一般情况下,联想可按下列思路进行:①联想同义词;②联想反义词。

英语语言中众多的同义词在许多情况下是可以通用的。利用这一规律,由于某个单词受阻而影响全篇写作的情况便不会出现。试看下列句子:

I had a nightmarelast night. = I had a bad dreamlast night.

Nightmare 使用频率不太高,因此不太好记。而其同义词bad dream 却很容易记。以后者取代前者丝毫不影响原句的意义。再比如:I don‘t understandthis word. 也可以说成 I don’t knowthis word.

另外:

He is stupid. = He is foolish. = He is a fool. = He is silly.

The food is delicious. = The food is tasty. = The food is nice to eat.

They discontinued the work at five. = They stopped the work at five.

His temper is nasty. = His temper is terrible. = He has a bad temper.

英语语言中词与词之间是有联系的,词与词之间语义的“共核”现象即所谓的同义词。丰富的同义词给我们提供了极大的方便。

同样,用其反义词来取代某一遗忘了的词也是可行的,请看下面的例子:

He is stubborn. = He is not tame.

The knife is blunt. = The knife is not sharp.

This is expensive. = This is not cheap.

She is talkative. = She is never quiet.

三.试用解释性语句

语言的功能在于表达,而表达的方式是多种多样的。当一个词影响到可以沟通。英语当中多功能解释性语句,就可以起到这一作用。请看下面的句子:

He is a dumb. = He is a person who can not speak.

He refused. = He said “no”.

I’ve never seen such a stubborn person. = I’ve never seen such a person who never listens to other‘s advice.